In some frontline industries, black workers … Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. Most California workers are covered by SDI through deductions from their paychecks (noted as “CASDI” on most paystubs). HB 4701 (pending) would appropriate $50 million to the “COVID-19 Regional Transport Authority Emergency Fund,” which would provide financial assistance to regional transportation authorities in high impact areas affected by COVID-19. All but five states—-New York, Massachusetts, Washington, New Mexico and Vermont—deemed firearms stores nonessential. Similarly, Alabama simply refers to any workers in “construction or construction-related services,” as essential. The electric grid, including power plants, distribution and transmission systems, reliability and control room operations and nuclear facilities. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, COVID-19: Essential Workers in the States, Copyright 2021 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Some states have also designated child care providers as “essential workers” so they are eligible for any supports or services offered by the state and are able to continue working to ensure essential workers in other critical industries can also work and meet the health and safety needs during the crisis. For many workers, local and state “stay-in-place” warnings are of concern to workers. The statewide population of essential workers was then compared to the total number of workers in that state. Long Term – for essential workers traveling to New York State for a period of greater than 36 hours, requiring them to stay several days. Several states have issued orders mandating that everyone aside from nonessential workers stay home ad most businesses shut down in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. State and federal officials quickly recognized that some statewide measures and/or federal guidelines would be helpful to align the efforts of overlapping jurisdictions. Although many early care and education professionals have extensive experience (approximately 50% have at least 13 years in the field), they generally earn very low wages. In 2018, direct on-farm employment accounted for 1.3% of U.S. employment and food and beverage manufacturing made up 1% of U.S. jobs. A grand total of about 1.5 million additional jobs in food and beverage service is expected by 2028. Why this sector is considered “essential” and what the label means for workers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) provides recommendations for who will receive the COVID-19 vaccine while there are limited doses, taking into consideration the vaccine’s physical effect on different age groups, ethnicities and people with underlying medical conditions. In March, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce, which at least 20 states have adopted outright. Walmart is the country’s largest private-sector employer, employing 10% of all retail workers. The median retail worker age is 40, with 28% of workers reporting educational attainment beyond a high school diploma. The retail industry is composed of a complex network of occupations working in concert to meet the everyday needs of people across the country. Food service workers have been some of the most visibly impacted by state stay-at-home orders as restaurants have been forced to close or adapt to takeout-only service. SF 4450 (failed) would have urged the federal government to extend the deadline for the full implementation of REAL ID provisions set to take effect on Oct. 1, 2020. In addition to the sector-specific operations, the energy sector relies heavily on its supply chain—businesses and manufacturers that produce everything from fuels to specialized equipment. From this, the ten states with the highest proportion of essential workers … According to recent research, four occupations comprise the bulk of the industry, constituting roughly 79% of all retail worker employment: retail salespersons (about 25%), drivers and sales workers (24%), cashiers (20%), and stock clerks and order fillers (11%). SD 2922 (pending) would allow school districts to honor existing vendor contracts pertaining to school transportation, food services and other contracts deemed essential by the superintendent of schools. At least two states—Hawaii and New York—have so far approved legislation. For example: A search of legislation addressing transportation and COVID-19 revealed that at least six states—Hawaii, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania—and Puerto Rico have introduced 19 pieces of legislation. Essential workers are required, to the extent possible, to avoid extended periods in public, contact with strangers, and large congregate settings. That's approximately 232 public employees for … The agency says, “promoting the ability of [critical workers] to continue to work during periods of community restriction, access management, social distancing or closure orders is crucial to community resilience and the continuity of essential functions.”. These essential but undervalued jobs—held by a disproportionate number of Black workers, especially Black women—often pay poverty wages and offer few, if … Additionally, New York state data are used in … And while folks have transitioned to spending the majority of their time at home, tradespeople have continued to uphold safety and quality of life standards for residences. Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. *as of May 2020, state is no longer designating businesses as essential. SB 8176 (pending) would authorize the state Thruway Authority to eliminate all tolls for trucks and delivery vehicles transporting essential supplies, including medicine, medical supplies, cleaning products, food, beverages and construction equipment. Resources & hotlines Create a profile and sign-up for COVID-19 alerts by text, email, or phone call in your preferred language. SB 7508 (enacted) provided the state’s fiscal year 2021 budget and included provisions allowing the state to borrow up to $10 billion to provide the spending flexibility required for the programs and capital plan. The petroleum and fuel production industry, including oil and gas drilling, production, refining, transport and distribution to gas stations and industrial facilities. Essential Workers (non-healthcare): COVID- 19 Risk By July 2020, 23 states reported outbreaks in 239 meat or poultry processing plants, resulting in ~16,000 cases in workers 1 – 9% of workers diagnosed as cases by May (range =3% -25%) By mid-September, Corrections and Detention Facilities reported ~126,000 Many states have classified these suppliers of essential businesses as “essential.” [DS1]. Plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters, for example, were projected to have 14% employment growth from 2018 to 2028. In accordance with this order, the State Public Health Officer has designated the following list of Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. The energy sector also contributes substantially to the economic prosperity of the country, and employed around 6.8 million Americans—making up around 4.5% of the nation’s total workforce—as of 2019. Legislation considered in Pennsylvania has sought to add to the governor’s powers during a pandemic. While salespersons, cashiers, stock clerks and first-line supervisors in brick-and-mortar stores are primary examples of retail workers, those involved in the facilitation and execution of e-commerce, such as delivery drivers and warehouse packers, are a growing segment of the sector’s workforce. Additionally, such assistance would include grants for loss of revenue, unexpected expenses, joint procurements and loss of other financial aid due to COVID-19. Energy can be split broadly into three subsectors: electricity, natural gas and petroleum—all three of which fuel the nation’s transportation and manufacturing, and power everything from health care and government institutions to individual homes and businesses. In accordance with this Proclamation, the Governor has designated the following list of“Essential Critical Infrastructure Workers” to help state, local, tribal, and industry partners as they work to protect communities, while ensuring continuity of functions critical to public health and safety, as well as economic and national security. An accompanying spreadsheet provides state-level versions of Table 1. Several states have issued orders mandating that everyone aside from nonessential workers stay home ad most businesses shut down in an effort to slow the spread of the coronavirus. More specifically, beginning on Oct. 1, 2021, every air traveler 18 years of age and older will need a REAL ID-compliant credential to fly within the United States. Under Governor Ige’s emergency proclamation, all travelers entering the State of Hawaiʻi must self-quarantine for 10 days, unless they obtain an exemption. The state’s list goes on to include specific types of work sites and projects considered essential too. The agriculture and food service sectors encompass a wide range of activities, including animal and crop production, manufacturing of food products, support services such as testing and inspections, and restaurants and retail sales. Between the federal guidelines and state essential worker orders, a number of major sectors overlap including, but not limited to: Below, we dive into each of these sectors, discussing the pre-COVID-19 workforce, why each is considered “essential,” how this designation is impacting workers and the sector itself and provide state examples. Washington, D.C. 20001 While President Donald Trump signed an executive order at the end of April designating meat processing plants, for example, as essential infrastructure, some states have been simultaneously grappling with COVID-19 outbreaks at these processing facilities. 1. New York City’s Frontline Workers Frontline workers have always been the lifeblood of our city. The emphasis has been particularly on “mission-essential workers”—a limited pool of highly skilled workers whose expertise has been deemed necessary to the continued reliable operation of energy systems. Others, such as the limited number of qualified control room operators, work in small teams that manage the safe and reliably flow of gas and power across vast networks. From this, the ten states with the highest proportion of essential workers were selected. The natural gas network, including processing plants, pipelines and compressor stations, distribution and transmission systems, reliability and control room operations and liquefied natural gas facilities. Energy. h�bbd```b``y"_�H� �u)��) �) R9�RDrE�ȹg�$c�E��D2��A�2u`�6 �� For many working in the building and construction trades, the distinction of their jobs as essential meant continuing to work to build new structures and to maintain existing ones. CISA’s guidance and sector-specific list, guidance on the essential critical infrastructure workforce, In addition to the sector-specific operations, the energy sector relies heavily on its supply chain—businesses and manufacturers that produce everything from fuels to specialized equipment. The essential essentials. Table 2 shows the demographics of essential workers by industry, including gender, education level, and race and ethnicity.. Women make up the majority of essential workers in health care (76%) and government and community-based services (73%). HF 976 (failed) and SF 3255 (failed) would have required a school bus driver to activate the prewarning flashing amber signals or flashing red signals and the stop arm signal when the bus was stopped to deliver goods, schoolwork, supplies or other items for students during the pandemic. Nationally, state and local governments employed about 7.4 million full-time equivalent (FTE) workers in 2014. That list includes those who work in: –Healthcare and Public Health –Law Enforcement, First … HJR 638 (vetoed) would have directed the Department of Transportation and Public Works to take necessary measures to exempt toll collections during the pandemic. HB 2400 (pending) would direct the secretary of Community and Economic Development to issue a waiver to the governor’s COVID-19 order to all public and private construction activities if social distancing and other mitigation measures by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are followed. During Tuesday’s press conference Gov. Many states—through executive orders, legislation or other action—adopted the DHS definitions and its energy sector profile outright. However, several states adopted the DHS guidelines while also adding state-specific industries, including: At least 24 states issued their own definitions, including: There are nearly 5 million early care and education professionals who care for children younger than age of 5 in center- and home-based child care settings across the U.S. Home-based providers, many of whom are self-employed and small-business owners, make up the large majority of this workforce. Here in Australia there is broad agreement supermarkets, service stations, … Every single day, crisis or no crisis, these are the essential workers in our city, our economy, and our society. AB 10347 (pending) would create a tax deduction of up to $5,000 for the transportation and personal protective equipment expenses of health care professionals and emergency medical technicians. This sector has also played a vital role during the pandemic response, as well as in ongoing recovery and relief operations underway in states. “If a high proportion of essential workers decline to get the vaccine, states will have to quickly move onto the next group anyway,” said Dr. Prosser, the University of Michigan health analyst. State Disability Insurance (SDI) provides short-term benefit payments to eligible workers who have a full or partial loss of wages due to a non-work-related illness, injury, or pregnancy. endstream endobj startxref Some examples of essential businesses and workers are obvious, like hospitals, pharmacies, police and firefighters. In December ACIP recommended prioritizing residents in long term care facilities and health care personnel to receive the initial COVID-19 vaccines and proposed guidance on prioritizing frontline and essential workers. Massachusetts’ guidance gets even more specific, with the state listing which “construction-related” activities it considers necessary to maintain the safety, sanitation and essential operation of residences, businesses and buildings such as hospitals. Many of the states that have developed their own guidelines use similarly broad language to encompass as many of these professionals as possible. Food service, eating and drinking establishments accounted for 6.4% of employment and food and beverage stores supported 1.6% of the workforce. Nonprofits and social service organizations. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) job outlook data projects that the demand for workers in agriculture will remain steady from 2018 to 2020. Reynolds said Iowa will rely on the U.S Department of Homeland Security’s list of essential industries. At this point, 46 states and Washington, DC have issued some sort of guidance on which sectors and industries they consider “essential” despite pandemic-related restrictions. Workers deemed essential in Kansas, from first responders to food service employees, can apply to have their COVID-19 health care expenses covered by state … Kansas is another example of a state that went into greater detail on essential  businesses, including workers who manufacture or maintain agriculture equipment and those who manufacture or distribute agricultural supplies, such as seed or chemicals. refers to construction and skilled trades broadly, Transportation Systems Sector-Specific Plan, Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, most pressing issues faced by COVID-19 first responders, Guidance on the Essential Critical Workforce, Impact of COVID-19 on Transportation Operations and Revenue. 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